Wang Xi-Shu  (Wang X.-S.)

Professor, PhD.

Address: Department of Engineering Mechanics, AML, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China.

Office Room No. N509 in Meng Min-Wei Science and Technology Building, Tsinghua University.

Telephone: 86-010-62792972 (O), E-mail address:


Education background

He received his Ph.D degree in Kagoshima University, Japan, in 1997; his M.S. degree in Mining Engineering University of China, in 1989; his B.S. degree in Chongqing University, China, in 1982, respectively.



July 1982 to April 1993, An assistant (1982) and lecturer (1989) in Mining Engineering Mechanics, Mining Engineering University of China in Xuzhou, Jiangsu, P.R. China.

December 1998 to present, An associate professor in 1999 and a full professor in 2011, in Department Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R. China.


Areas of Research Interests/ Research Projects

His research interests focus mainly on the mechanical behaviors and damage mechanism (fatigue, creep, cracking, corrosion behavior and countermeasure etc) of materials (biomaterials) in either macro scale or micro-meso scale, including to the relationship between the microstructure and mechanical behaviors (damage mechanism) in both simulation or modeling and experimental researches as well as bionics. The main aim to assess and describe the characterizations of the material mechanics, such as effects of inclusion, hole and the second phase in multi-nano/micro scale, interface effect in coating/substrate and cracking contribution of the inclusions etc.. He has authored or co-authored more than 170 international journals’ papers and has four books.


Academic Achievement

[1]. Xi-Shu Wang, Xi-Qiao Feng. Effects of thickness on mechanical properties of conducting polythiophene films. Journal Material Sciences Letters 2002; 21(9): 715-717. (SCI)

[2] Xi-Shu Wang, Jiaxin Zhang, Suiqun Zhu, Gaoquan Shi, Deformation measurement of conducting polythiophene thin films by an electronic speckle pattern interferometric method. Acta Mechanical Solida Sinica 2002; 15(1):30-35. (SCI)

[3] Xi-Shu Wang, Jing-Kun Xu, Gao-Quan Shi, Xiao Lu. Microstructure-mechanical properties relationshipp in conducting polypyrrole films. Journal of Material Sciences 2002; 37: 5171-5176. (SCI)

[4] Xi-shu Wang, Yan-hong Deng, Yong-qiang Li, An experimental investigation of failure behaviors of conducting polythiophene coating films, Journal of Material Science 2002; 37: 4865-4870. (SCI)

[5] Xi-Shu Wang, Yong Xu, Mechanical characterizations of the dispersion U3Si2-Al fuel plate with sandwich structure under tensile loading, Journal Applied Composite Materials 2003; 10 (3): 159-167. (SCI)

[6] Xi-Shu Wang and Xi-Qiao Feng. Electrochemically synthesized polythiophene films with self-organized microstructure Polymer Engineering & Science 2003; 43 (4):919-922. (SCI)

[7] Xi-Shu Wang, Yong-qiang Li, Characterization of the fatigue surface microcrack growth in vicinal inclusion for powder metallurgy alloys. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica 2003; 16(4): 327-333. (SCI)

[8] Xi-Shu Wang, Yong-qiang Li, Shou-Wen Yu, Evaluation of the thermal-mechanical fatigue behavior for 62Sn38Pb bulk solder. Journal Experimental Techniques 2003; 27(2):31-34. (SCI)

[9] Wang Xi-Shu and Kawagoishi Norio, A simple predicting method of fatigue crack growth rate based on a tensile strength of carbon steel. Journal of Iron and Steel Research International 2003; 10(2):58-62. (SCI)

[10] Liu PS and Wang Xi-shu, Approximate relationship between strength land porosity in foamed metals for equal-speed biaxial tension. Rare Metal MatEng.2003; 32 (8): 624-626. (SCI)

[11] Liu Peisheng, Wang Xi-Shu, Luo Huiyang, Relationship between tensile strength and porosity for foamed metals under equal speed biaxial tension. Materials Science and Technology 2003; 19(7): 985-986. (SCI)

[12] Wang Xi-Shu, Lu Xiao, Wang Huidong. Investigation of surface fatigue microcrack growth behavior of cast Mg-Al alloy. Materials Science and Engineering A 2004; 364(1-2): 11-16. (SCI)

[13] Wang Xi-Shu, Xu Yong and Xu Xian-qi, Direct observations of microcracking in the fuel plate using the scanning electron microscope. Journal of Applied Composite Materials 2004; 11(3): 145-154. (SCI)

[14] Xi-Shu Wang, Xi-qiao Feng, Xing-wu Gou, Failure behavior of anodized coating and magnesium alloy substrate. Key Engineering Materials 2004; 631-634: 363-368. (SCI)

[15] Xi-Qiao Feng, Xi-Shu Wang, Frictional Sliding of Microcracks under Compression. Key Engineering Materials 2004; 631-634: 129-134. (SCI)

[16] Xi-Shu Wang, Jing-hong Fan, SEM online investigation of fatigue crack initiation and propagation in notched cast magnesium specimens. Journal of Materials Science 2004; 39(7): 2617-2620. (SCI)

[17] Xi-Shu Wang and Yong Xu, Experiments, characterizations and analysis of a dispersion U3Si2-Al fuel plate with sandwich structure. Journal of Nuclear Materials 2004; 328(2-3): 243-248. (SCI)

[18] Wang Xi-Shu, Li Shuang-Shou, Qing-Yuan Wang and Xu Yong. Effects of processes on the fatigue strength of U3Si2 fuel plate with sandwich structure. Journal of Nuclear Materials 2005; 342: 42-47. (SCI)

[19] Xi-Shu Wang, Shuang-Shou Li, Da-ji Xie and Sha Tao. A novel method of evaluating a residual stress in the vicinal welds based on the magnetostrictive technique. Journal of testing and evaluation 2005; 33(4): 222-226. (SCI)

[20] Xi-Shu Wang, Bisheng Wu. SEM online investigation of microfracture characteristics of concretes at various temperature values. Cement and Concrete Research 2005; 35(7): 1385-1390. (SCI)

[21] Zuo Jianping, Wang Xi-Shu*, A novel fractal characteristic method on the surface morphology of electrochemically synthesized polythiophene films with self-organized nanostructure. Physica E 2005; 28(1): 7-13. (SCI).

[22] Bin Tang, Shuang-Shou Li, Xi-Shu Wang* and Da-Ben Zeng. An investigation on hot-crack mechanism of Ca addition into AZ91D alloy. Journal of Materials Science 2005; 40(11): 2931-2936. (SCI).

[23] Bin Tang, Xi-Shu Wang*, Shuang-Shou Li and Da-Ben Zeng. Effects of Ca combined with Sr additions on  microstructure and mechanical properties of AZ91D magnesium alloy. Journal of Materials Science and Technology 2005; 21(5): 574-578. (SCI).

[24] Bin Tang, Shuang-Shou Li, Xi-Shu Wang*, Da-Ben Zeng and Rong Wu. Effect of Ca/Sr composite addition into AZ91D alloy on hot-crack mechanism. Scripta Materialia 2005; 53(9):1077-1082. (SCI)

[25] Xi-Shu Wang, Yi-he Zhang, Shao-yun Fu, Xi-qiao Feng. Effect of montmorillonite on failure characterizations and inverse design in polyimide nanocomposite films. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica 2005;18(3): 200-206. (SCI)

[26] Shang HX, Xie HM, Wang XS, et al., Thermal properties measurement of micro-electromechanical system sensors by digital moiré method. Strain 2005; 41: 157-162. (SCI)

[27] Wang Xi-Shu, Liang Feng, Zeng Yan-ping, Xie Xi-shan, SEM in-situ observations to investigate the effects of inclusions on the low cyclic fatigue crack initiation and propagation of super strength steel. Acta Metallurgica Sinica 2005; 41(12):1272-1276. (SCI)

[28] Xi-Shu Wang and Jinghong Fan, An evaluation the growth rate of small fatigue cracks in cast AM50 magnesium alloy at different temperature in vacuum environment. Inter. J. Fatigue 2006; 28(1): 79-86. (SCI)

[29] Xi-Shu Wang, Feng Liang, Jing-Hong Fan, Feng-Hua Zhang. Investigations on low-cycle fatigue small crack initiation and propagation mechanism of cast magnesium alloys based on in-situ observation with SEM. Philosophical Magazine A 2006; 86(11): 1581-1596. (SCI)

[30] Xi-Shu Wang, Lina Zhang, Yan-Ping Zeng, Xi-shan, Xie. An experimental investigation of the fatigue microcrack initiation and growth in surface inclusion for P/M Rene95 alloy. Journal of University of Science and technology Beijing (Mineral) 2006; 13(3): 244-249. (SCI)

[31] Xi-Shu Wang,Jinghong Fan. Growth rate of small fatigue cracks of magnesium alloy at different conditions. Materials Science Forum 2007; 546-549: 77-80.

[32] Xing-Wu Guo, Jian-Wei Chang, Shang-Ming He, Wen-Jiang Ding, Xi-Shu Wang, Investigation of corrosion behaviors of Mg-6Gd-3Y-0.4Zr alloy in NaCl aqueous solutions. Electrochimica Acta 2007; 52: 2570-2579. (SCI)

[33] Wang Xi-Shu, Tang Bin, Chen Jun, In-situ investigations on effect of Ca addition into magnesium alloy on the relation of microstructure and cracking at elevated temperatures. APCFS2006, Key Engineering Materials 2007; 353-358: 2123-2126.

[34] Zeng Yanping, Fan Hongmei, Wang Xi-Shu, Xie Xieshan, Study on micro-mechanism of crack initiation and propagation induced by inclusion in ultra-high strength steel. APCFS2006, in Hainan, Key Engineering Materials 2007; 353-358: p1185-1190.

[35] Jianguo Huang, Xi-Shu Wang, Xiangkang Meng. SEM in situ study on deformation under three-point bending loading in Cu and Cu/Ni films. Materials Transactions 2007; 48(10): 2795-2798. (SCI)

[36] Xi-Shu Wang*, Ying Li, Yun-Fei Shi. Effects of sandwich microstructures on mechanical behaviors of dragonfly wing vein. Composites Science and Technology 2008; 68(1): 186-192. (SCI)

[37] J.W. Chang, L.M Peng, X.W. Guo, A. Atrens, P.H. Fu, W.J. Ding, X.S. Wang. Comparison of the corrosion behavior in 5% NaCl solution of Mg alloys NZ30K and AZ91D. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 2008; 38 (2): 207-214. (SCI)

[38] Xi-Shu Wang, Jing-Hong Fan, Bi-Sheng Wu, Ying Li. Effects of distance and alignment holes on fatigue crack behaviors of cast magnesium alloys. ADVANCES IN FRACTURE AND MATERIALS BEHAVIOR, PTS 1 AND 2, 2008; 33-37:13-18.

[39] Ying Li, Xi-Shu Wang*. Investigation on characteristics of structure and simulation analysis for dragonfly wing vein. Advances in Fracture and Materials Behavior, PTS 1 and 2, 2008; 33-37: 785-788.

[40] Xi-Shu Wang*, Li Jin, Ying Li, Xing-Wu Guo, Direct observation on deformation behaviors of AZ31 Mg alloy processed by two-step equal channel angular extrusion. Materials Letters. 2008; 62:1856-1858. (SCI)

[41] Ying Li, Xin-Ming Qiu, Fan Yang, Xi-Shu Wang, Ya-Jun, Yin. Ultra-high sensitivity of super carbon-nanotube-based mass and strain sensors. Nanotechnology 2008; 19(16): 165502. (SCI)

[42] Li Ying, Wang Xi-Shu*, Meng XiangKang, Buckling behavior of metal film/substrate structure under pure bending. Applied Physics Letters 2008; 92(13): 131902. (SCI)

[43] Hua-Ping Tang, Xi-Shu Wang*, Rui-Qi Zhao, Ying Li. Investigation on thermo-mechanical behaviors of artificial muscles films. Journal of Materials Science 2008; 43(10): 3733-3737. (SCI)

[44] Ying Li, Xin-Ming Qiu, Fan Yang, Xi-Shu Wang, Ya-Jun, Yin. The effective modulus of super carbon nanotubes predicted by molecular structure mechanics. Nanotechnology 2008; 19: 225701. (SCI)

[45] Ying Li, Xin-Ming Qiu, Fan Yang, Xi-Shu Wang, Ya-Jun, Yin, Jin-shan Fan. A comprehensive study on the mechanical properties of super carbon nanotubes. Journal of Physics D- Applied Physics 2008; 41(15): 155423. (SCI)

[46] Xi-Shu Wang, Cheng-Kun Yan, Ying Li, Yi-bin Xue, Xiang-Kang Meng, Bi-Sheng Wu. SEM in-situ study on failure of nanocrystal metallic thin films and substrate structure under three point bending. International Journal of Fracture 2008; 151: 269-279. (SCI)

[47] Ying Li, Xi-Shu Wang*, Qin-Shan Fan, Effects of elastic anisotropic on the surface stability of the film/substrate system. International Journal of Engineering Science 2008; 46: 1325-1333. (SCI)

[48] Ying Li, Xinming Qiu, Fan Yang, Xi-Shu Wang, Yajun Yin, Qinshan Fan. Chirality independence in critical buckling forces of super carbon nanotubes. Solid State Communications 2008; 148(1-2): 63-68. (SCI)

[49] Ruiqi Zhao, Xi-Shu Wang*, Xiaojing Yang, Jingsa Han, Hui Ma and Xinhua Zhao*. Effects of ytterbium addition into ZrWMoO8 ceramics with negative thermal expansion on microstructure and mechanical properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2009; 470: 379-382. (SCI)

[50] Xi-Shu Wang, Ying li, Xiang-Kang Meng. An estimation method on failure stress of micro thickness Cu film-substrate structure. Science inChinaSeries E: Technological Sciences, 2009; 52(8): 2210-2215. (SCI)

[51] Wang Xi-Shu, Tang Hua-Ping, Li Xu-Dong, Hua Xin. Investigations on the Mechanical Properties of Conducting Polymer Coating-Substrate Structures and Their Influencing Factors. A review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2009; 10: 5257-5284. (SCI)

[52] Wang Xi-Shu, Kawagoishi N. Effect of specimen configuration and loading types on fatigue life of an annealed 0.42% carbon steels. Key Engineering Materials 2010, 417-418: 121-124.

[53] Jian-Ping Zuo, Xi-Shu Wang, Ming Zuo. Micro deformation testing of cast AM60B Mg alloy based on scanning electron microscope and digital image correlation method. Materials Evaluation 2010; 68(9): 1030-1036. (SCI)

[54] N. Kawagoishi, M. Goto, X.S. Wang and Q.Y. Wang. Initiation and Propagation Behavior of a Fatigue Crack of Alloy 718. International Journal of Modern Physics B    2010; 24(15-16): 2857-2862. (SCI)

[55] Xi-Shu Wang*, Ren Huai Hui, Ying-Long Chen, Huai-Yan Zhao, Ryosuke, Murai. An evaluation on the high-cyclic-fatigue crack propagation of SnPb-solder joint in electronic packaging. Advances in Interaction and Multiscale Mechanics AIMM’10, 2010; pp683-691.

[56] Xi-Shu Wang, Xu-Dong Li, Huai-Hui Ren, Hai-Yan Zhao, Ryosuke Murai. SEM in-situ study on high cycle fatigue of SnPb-solder joint in electronic packaging. Microelectronics Reliability 2011; 51: 1377-1384. (SCI)

[57] Chen Ying-Long, Wang Xi-Shu*, Ren Huai-Hui, Li Xu-Dong. An organic junction of vein and membrane of dragonfly wing. Chinese Science Bulletin 2011; 56(16):1658-1660. (SCI)

[58] Li Xu-Dong, Wang Xi-Shu*, Ren Huai-Hui, Chen Yin-Long, Mu Zhi-Tao. Effect of prior corrosion state on the fatigue small cracking behavior of 6151-T6 aluminum alloy. Corrosion Science 2012; 55: 26-33. (SCI)

[59] Huai-Hui Ren, Xi-Shu Wang*, Ying-Long Chen, Xu-Dong Li. Biomechanical behaviors of dragonfly wing: relationship between configuration and deformation. Chinese Physics B 2012; 21(3): 034501. (SCI)

[60] Ying-Long Chen, Xi-Shu Wang*, Huai-Hui Ren, Hang Yin, Su Jia. Hierarchical dragonfly wing: microstructure-biomechanical behavior relations. Journal of Bionic Engineering 2012; 9: 185-191. (SCI)

[61] Hayashi K., Nagano T., Moriyama M., Wang XS., Kawagoishi N. Effects of aging structures and humidity on fatigue properties of maraging steel. International Journal of Modern Physics B 2012; 6: 306-311. (SCI)

[62] Ruiqi Zhao, Xi Chen, Hui Ma, Xishu Wang, Xinhua Zhao. Zr1?x Yb x WMoO8?x /2 (x = 0, 0.04) ceramics fabricated by in situ synthesis from trigonal polymorph: preparation, sintering process, and negative thermal expansion properties. Journal of Materials Science 2012; 47(23): 8061-8066. (SCI)

[64] N. Yan, QY. Wang, XS. Wang, N. Kawagoishi. Fatigue properties of age-hardened Al alloy 2017-T4 under ultrasonic loading. Theoretical & Applied Mechanics Letters 2012; 2: 031008.

[65] Xi-Shu Wang, Min Zhang, Xi-Ping Song, Su jia, Qiang Chen and N. Kawagoishi. Fatigue failure mode of TiAl alloy with high Nb content at different temperatures. Materials 2012; 5(11): 2280-2291. (SCI)

[66] Su Jia, Xi-Shu Wang*, Huai Hui Ren. Experimental and theoretical analysis of package (PoP) structure under three points bending loading. Chinese Physics B 2012; 21(12): 126201. (SCI)

[67] Huai-Hui Ren, Xi-Shu Wang*, Ying-Long Chen, Xu-Dong Li. Effects of dragonfly wing structure on the dynamical performances. Journal of Bionic Engineering 2013; 10(1): 28-38. (SCI)

[68] Huai-Hui Ren, Xi-Shu Wang*, Su Ja. Fracture analysis on die attach adhesives for stacked packages based on in-situ testing and cohesive zone model. Microelectronical Reliability, 2013; 53: 1021-1028. (SCI)

[69] Wang Xi-Shu, Guo Xing-Wu, Li Xu-Dong and Kawagoishi Norio. Effect of different micro-arc oxygen coating layer types on fatigue life of 2024-T alloy. International conference, ICF13-S18-71. 2013 in Beijing

[70] Kawagoishi N., Kariya K., Matsusako H., Nakamura Y., Wang XS. and Wang QY.. Effect of Humidity on Fracture Mechanism of Age-hardened Al Alloys under Ultrasonic Loading. International conference, ICF13-S18-17. 2013 in Beijing.

[71] Xi-Shu Wang, Huai-Hui Ren, Bi-Sheng Wu, Su Ja, Norio Kawagoishi. Effect of loading types on fatigue crack growth behavior of solder joint in electronic packaging. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica 2014; 27(3):245-258 (SCI).

[72] Xi-Shu Wang*, Xing-Wu Guo, Xu-Dong Li, Dong-Yun Ge Improvement on the fatigue performance of 2024-T4 alloy by synergistic coating technology. Materials 2014; 7: 3533-3546.

[73] Huai-Hui Ren, Xi-Shu Wang. Fatigue damage behavior of a surface-mount electronic package under different cyclic loadings. Chinese Physics B 2014; 23(4): 044601.

[74] Xi-Shu Wang*, Su Jia, Huai-Hui Ren and Pan Pan. Effects of solder balls and arrays on the failure behavior in Package-on-Package structure. Microelectronical Reliability 2014; 54(3): 633-640.

[75] Jian-Ping Zuo*, Xi-Shu Wang*, De-Qiang Ma. SEM in-situ study on effect of the offset-notch on cracking behavior of basalt under three-point loading. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 2014; 131:504-513.

[76] Xi-Shu Wang*, Xu-Dong Li, Hui-Hui Yang, Norio Kawagoishi, Pan Pan. Environment-induced fatigue cracking behavior of aluminum alloys and modification methods. Corrosion Reviews 2015; 33(3-4):119-137.

[77] Jian-Ping Zuo*, Xi-Shu Wang*, De-Guang Mao, Chun-Lai Wang. T-M coupled effects on cracking behaviors and reliability analysis of double-notched crustal rocks. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 2016; 158: 106-115.

[78] Xi-Shu Wang*, Xing-Wu Guo, Y. Nakamura, Hui-Hui Yang, Pan Pan. Evaluation of the critical stress of anodized coating/AZ91D substrate using SEM in-situ technology. J. Zhejiang Univ Sci A, 2016; 17(1): 65-75.

[79] Hui-Hui Yang, Yan-Ling Wang, Xi-Shu Wang*, Pan Pan, Da-Wei Jia. Synergistic effect of corrosion environment and stress on the fatigue damage behavior of Al alloys. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures. 2016;39:1309-1316.

[80] Hui-Hui Yang, Yan-Ling Wang, Xi-Shu Wang*, Pan Pan, Da-Wei Jia. The effects of corrosive media on rotating bending fatigue lives of different aluminum alloys. Metals, 2016; 6(7):160.

[81] Yan-Ling Wang, Xi-Shu Wang*, Sheng-Chuan Wu, Hui-Hui Yang, Zhi-hao Zhang. High-cycle corrosion fatigue behavior and life prediction of 25CrMo steel used into railway axle. Metals 2017,  accept.